As a herb from the family Apiaceae, Indian Pennywort is a herb that grows close to the ground. While it is called Mandukaparni in Sanskrit, it is Kudangal, Kodakan, or Muthill in Malayalam.
It is an important medicinal plant in Ayurveda as it may help to improve brain function and slows down aging.
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Plant Type: Herbal Creeper
Scientific name: Centella Asiatica
Common name: Gotu Kola
English: Indian Pennywort
Sanskrit: Mandukaparni, Saraswati, Brahmee
Hindi: Khulakhudi, Brahmamandooki
Malayalam: Kodakan, Kudangal, Muthill
Distribution: Native to India
Habitat: Well-moist soil, shaded or sunlight
Indian Pennywort is a creeper spreading on the ground by forming a network of stems. From each node of the delicate stem, petioles emerge upward while the root system grows downward.
The leaf has a striking appearance, which looks like a brain or kidney. A leaf is 2.5 cm in diameter. The petiole and leaf together can be 10 cm long which stands erect from the stem.
The flowers are dark red and occur in groups of three to six. An individual flower is very small in size and has five petals. The fruits are also small.
Disclaimer: These are only general information, not medical/professional advice.
Although Centella asiatica is usually considered as Kudangal in medicines, in some places other species are used instead of Centella asiatica. For example, in Sri Lanka, Java Pennywort (Hydrocotyle javanica) is taken as Kudangal/Mandukaparni.
In certain parts of North India, Bacopa monnieri is taken instead of C.asiatica. B.moniieri is the real Brahmi. However, C.asiatica is also sometimes referred to as Brahmi. So that may be the reason behind the confusion.
It is a native herb in India growing well in moist or swamp-like soil. So it is common along the edges of streams and drainages.