Diamond Flower – Parpataka Pullu

Diamond Flower is a little herb with white blooms from the family Rubiaceae. It is widely found in Kerala by the name Parpataka Pullu.

Since it often grows along with other grasses and due to its small size, you might easily overlook it. However, this medicinal plant is useful for treating Fever.

Diamond Flower - Parpataka Pullu
Diamond Flower – Photos from Kerala, by Abhinav R


The leaves of Diamond Flower are elongated with pointed tips. They are usually 1.5 cm long at most. They grow around the stem with up to 8 leaves from each node. Sometimes there are as less as four or two.

Parpataka / Parpataka Pullu
Elongated leaved with pointed tips

The white flowers grow from leaf axils. They have a light blue tinge and usually occur in groups of two or three. Each has four petals – may be the reason behind its name. It is barely three millimeters in width.

Flowers of Parpataka
White flowers with four petals

The fruits are also green with lots of seeds inside them. The plant grows to a height of about 10 to 20 cm. It has lots of small branches and sub-branches, all looking light green.

Leaves of Diamond Flower
Leaves do not have prominent stalks

Medicinal Uses and Benefits of Parpataka Pullu

In Ayurveda, Parpatah (Sanskrit name) has various medicinal uses. There are several species known by the same name as all of them possess the ability to cure the same illness. However, a majority consider Diamond Flower (Oldenlandia corymbosa) as Parpatah.

  • Parpata can treat various types of Fever.
  • It can treat Pitta and Kapha related imbalances.
  • It can increase sweat production.
  • It is diuretic in nature.
  • It is an important ingredient in Shadanga Kashaya – a medicine in Ayurveda for treating Fever.

Common Name in Different Languages

English: Diamond Flower, Chayroot
Malayalam: Parpatakam, Parpadakam, Parpataka pullu, Parpata pullu
Tamil: Parpakam
Telungu: Parpadagam
Hindi: Pitta pappad
Sanskrit: Parpatah, Jwarakhna

Family: Rubiaceae
Botanical name: Oldenlandia corymbosa / Hedyotis corymbosa

Oldenlandia corymbosa / Hedyotis corymbosa - Diamond Flower - Parpataka
Parpataka Pullu / Parpada
Diamond Flower - Parpataka - medicinal herb in Kerala
Flowers of Parpata grows from leaf axils

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