Rhythm Of Nature

Diamond Flower – Parpataka Pullu

Diamond Flower is a little herb with white blooms from the family Rubiaceae. It is widely found in Kerala by the name Parpataka Pullu. Its botanical name is Oldenlandia corymbosa.

Since it often grows along with other grasses and due to its small size, you might easily overlook it. However, this medicinal plant is used in certain traditional systems for treating Fever [ref1].

Note: some people also consider Fumaria indica as Parpataka.

Diamond Flower - Parpataka Pullu
Diamond Flower – Photos from Kerala, by Abhinav R

Appearance

The leaves of Diamond Flower are elongated with pointed tips. They are usually 1.5 cm long at most. They grow around the stem with up to 8 leaves from each node. Sometimes it can be fewer than that.

Parpataka / Parpataka Pullu
Elongated leaved with pointed tips

The white flowers grow from leaf axils. They have a light blue tinge and usually occur in groups of two or three. Each flower has four petals, which might be the reason behind its common name – Diamond flower. It is barely three millimeters in width.

Flowers of Parpataka
White flowers with four petals

The fruits are also green with lots of seeds inside them. The plant grows to a height of about 10 to 20 cm. It has lots of small branches and sub-branches, all looking light green.

Leaves of Diamond Flower
Leaves do not have prominent stalks

Medicinal Uses and Benefits of Parpataka Pullu

In Ayurveda, Parpatah (Sanskrit name) has various medicinal uses. There are several species known by the same name as all of them possess the ability to cure the same illness. However, a majority consider Diamond Flower (Oldenlandia corymbosa) as Parpatah.

  • Parpata can treat various types of Fever.
  • It can treat Pitta and Kapha-related imbalances.
  • It can increase sweat production.
  • It is diuretic in nature.
  • It is an important ingredient in Shadanga Kashaya – a medicine in Ayurveda for treating Fever [ref2].

Common Name in Different Languages

English: Diamond Flower, Chayroot
Malayalam: Parpatakam, Parpadakam, Parpataka pullu, Parpata pullu
Tamil: Parpakam
Telugu: Parpadagam
Hindi: Pitta pappad
Sanskrit: Parpatah, Jwarakhna

Family: Rubiaceae
Botanical name: Oldenlandia corymbosa / Hedyotis corymbosa

Oldenlandia corymbosa / Hedyotis corymbosa - Diamond Flower - Parpataka
Parpataka Pullu / Parpada
Diamond Flower - Parpataka - medicinal herb in Kerala
Flowers of Parpata grows from leaf axils
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