Pagoda Flower – Clerodendrum Paniculatum

Red Pagoda Plant or Clerodendrum paniculatum is a shrub seen in most of south and south east Asia. The unique pagoda-like inflorescence make it eye-catching. These flower clusters have several small flowers in red and orange colors.

Red Pagoda Tree (Krishnakireedam)


The red flower clusters are tall and grow 1 to 1.5 feet above the foliage. The tiny and tubular individual flowers are just about 1 cm in diameter. These small flowers have five petals each. They originate around the branches in a layered fashion which gets pointed at the tip.

This evergreen shrub has large leaves with multiple pointed tips. Overall the plant grows up to 5 ft in height.

Geographic distribution

Clerodendrum paniculatum is considered a native plant in India, Sri Lanka and many of the southeast Asian countries like Malaysia.


In many places, it is grown in gardens as an ornamental plant. In Kerala, its flowers have a special importance during Onam celebration to use in Atha Pookkalam.

The plant also has some medicinal values. The leaves and flowers are used treat swelling or inflammations.

Cultivation & Propagation

Since the flowers have nectar which attracts butterflies, propagation often happens through pollination. The plant can be cultivated by stem cutting and is easy to grow.

Red Pagoda Flower requires rich soil with medium moisture to grow. It grows under good sunlight or in moderate shade. It often grows by itself in rubber plantations. So it does not necessarily require full sunlight all the time.

Other names

Tamil & Malayalam – Krishna Kireedam (meaning Krishna’s Crown), Hanuman Kireedam.

Species: Cloredendrum paniculatum

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