Red Pagoda Plant is a shrub seen in many parts of south and southeast Asia. The scientific name is Clerodendrum paniculatum.
The unique pagoda-like inflorescence makes it eye-catching. These flower clusters have several small individual flowers with red and orange colors.
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The red flower clusters are tall and grow 1 to 1.5 feet above the foliage. The tiny and tubular individual flowers are about 1 cm in diameter. These small flowers have five petals each. They grow around the branches in a layered fashion which gets pointed at the tip.
This evergreen shrub has large leaves with multiple pointed tips. Overall the plant grows up to 5 ft in height.
Clerodendrum paniculatum is considered a native plant in India, Sri Lanka, and many of the southeast Asian countries like Malaysia.
In many places, it is grown in gardens as an ornamental plant. In Kerala, its flowers have a cultural significance during the Onam celebration to use in Atha Pookkalam.
The plant also has some medicinal values. The leaves of the Pagoda plant exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities [ref1].
Since the flowers have nectar, which attracts butterflies, propagation often happens through pollination. The plant can be cultivated by stem cutting and is easy to grow.
Red Pagoda Flower requires rich soil with medium moisture to grow. It grows under good sunlight or in moderate shade. It often grows by itself in rubber plantations. So it does not necessarily require full sunlight all the time.
Tamil & Malayalam – Krishna Kireedam (meaning Krishna’s Crown), Hanuman Kireedam.
Species: Cloredendrum paniculatum